GaberThe Father of Chemistry (according to many sources) is Jabir Ibn Haiyan also known as Geber, an Arab chemist who lived in the late 700’s. His major contributions on chemistry include the improvement of scientific techniques such as crystallization, sublimation, evaporation, and distillation. He is also well-known for discovering and synthesizing hydrochloric and nitric acids and minerals. Apart from these, he also developed a number of applied processes: preparation of various metals, dyeing of cloth, prevention of rusting, tanning of leather, and many more.